Work-Related Musculoskeletal and Back Injuries

A Comprehensive Guide to the Literature for Personal Injury Lawyers

Publisher: Medifocus Legal
Publication Date: January 29, 2019
Number of Pages: 138
Work-related musculoskeletal diseases are defined as acute or chronic conditions that cause pain or dysfunction due to work that involves excessive loading of muscles, ligaments, tendons, intervertebral discs, bones, and their associated nerves and blood vessels. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders can affect the upper extremity, lower extremity, or the lower back. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders may involve the neck, shoulder, arm, elbow, wrist, hand, or fingers and include conditions such as cervical disc herniation, rotator cuff tendinitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders may involve the thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and toes and include conditions such as meniscus injury, patellofemoral pain syndrome, ankle sprain, and plantar fasciitis. Back injuries are the most common type of work-related musculoskelal disorders with an estimated incidence of 20 per 10,000 full-time employees.

Work-related risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries primarily involve occupations that require repetition, force, awkward position, and vibration. The occupational medicine literature has consistently demonstrated poor outcomes for work-related musculoskeletal disorders, particularly those involving the lower back. Despite relatively high levels of medical care, a substantial minority of workers with a chronic musculoskeletal disorder suffer disability and file for workers' compensation. Studies have found that workers with occupational back injuries, particularly African-Americans and younger adults, encounter long-term financial and domestic hardships that can persist at even 5-years after claim settlement.

When employees sustain a musculoskeletal injury, they can be approved for workers' compensation benefits if there is evidence of a significant causal relationship between the injury and the claimant's occupational duties. Since musculoskeletal injuries are also common within the general population and can result from non-work-related activities, such as a sports-related injury or a pre-existing condition, an employees claim may be denied on the basis that it was not work-related. Because work-related injuries are associated with significant direct and indirect costs to employers, insurers, and injured workers, litigation of these claims often follows.

The MediFocus Literature Guide to Work-Related Musculoskeletal and Back Injuries is a comprehensive reference Guide to the medical and occupational medicine literature for attorneys who are frequently involved in litigating cases related to an occupational back injury or other work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The Guide contains over 150 journal article references with links to the article abstracts and also includes a valuable Author Directory that enables attorneys to quickly identify and locate experts with specialized knowledge about work-related musculoskeletal injuries for case evaluations and expert testimony. The Guide will prove to be a valuable addition to the library of any attorney whose scope of practice includes litigating claims arising from occupational back injuries and other work-related musculoskeletal disorders.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal and Back Injuries is a one-of-a-kind literature reference Guide that includes:

  • A comprehensive bibliography of 152 journal article references indexed in MEDLINE published in well respected medical and scientific journals.
  • Online access to the abstracts (summaries) of the articles.
  • A unique "Author Directory" consisting of the names and institutional affiliations of experts who have published and have specialized knowledge about Work-Related Musculoskeletal and Back Injuries. The "Author Directory" is a valuable resource for quickly identifying and locating experts for case reviews, opinions, and testimony.

Select examples of topics that are covered by the articles referenced in this Guidebook include:

  • Contribution of occupational factors to the incidence and persistence of chronic low back pain among workers
  • Lag Times in Reporting Injuries, Receiving Medical Care, and Missing Work: Associations With the Length of Work Disability in Occupational Back Injuries.
  • Low back pain, intervertebral disc and occupational diseases.
  • Similarities between work related musculoskeletal disorders and slips, trips and falls.
  • The combined effect of physical, psychosocial/organisational and/or environmental risk factors on the presence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and its consequences.
  • Early predictors of lumbar spine surgery after occupational back injury
  • Neck and back pain and intervertebral disc degeneration: role of occupational factors.
  • Legal sequelae of occupational back injuries: a longitudinal analysis of Missouri judicial records.
  • Causal assessment of occupational lifting and low back pain: results of a systematic review.
  • Causal assessment of occupational carrying and low back pain: results of a systematic review.
  • Administrative delays and chronic disability in patients with acute occupational low back injury.
  • The recovery patterns of back pain among workers with compensated occupational back injuries.
  • Disability determination: validity with occupational low back pain.
  • Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the hand and wrist: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and sensorimotor changes.
  • Prediction of chronic disability in work-related musculoskeletal disorders: a prospective, population-based study.
  • The relative importance of whole body vibration and occupational lifting as risk factors for lowback pain.
  • Risk factors associated with the transition from acute to chronic occupational back pain.
  • Recurrent disabling work-related spinal disorders after prior injury claims in a chronic low back pain population.
  • Outcomes in work-related upper extremity and low back injuries: results of a retrospective study.
  • Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers in the United States from 1992 to 2014.
The MediFocus Literature Guide on Work-Related Musculoskeletal and Back Injuries
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