Soft Tissue Injuries and Whiplash-Associated Disorders

A Comprehensive Guide to the Literature for Personal Injury Lawyers

Publisher: Medifocus Legal
Publication Date: January 17, 2017
Number of Pages: 184
The term soft tissue injuries refers to any injuries to the body's soft areas that includes the ligaments, tendons, and muscles. These types of injuries are common in motor vehicle accidents due to the impact and forces exerted on the occupants from the collision between the vehicles. Of all the types of soft tissue injuries that can result from motor vehicle collisions, whiplash is the most common.

Whiplash is defined as an acceleration/deceleration mechanism of energy transfer to the neck. This force of energy can cause a soft tissue injury to the neck that can trigger a constellation of symptoms. It is important to note, however, that the term whiplash is descriptive of the mechanism of injury rather than a clinical diagnosis. For this reason, in 1995 the Quebec Task Force coined the term whiplash-associated disorders or WAD to describe the clinical signs and symptoms precipitated by this type of injury. Although the major symptom of WAD is neck pain, other associated symptoms can also be present including limited range of neck motion, headaches, dizziness, and numbness in the arms and/or fingers.

One of the most challenging cases that personal injury lawyers are routinely called on to handle is a soft tissue injury sustained during a motor vehicle accident. Because injuries to ligaments, tendons, and muscles cannot typically be objectively demonstrated with diagnostic imaging modalities such as X-rays or CT scans, it is difficult to obtain fair compensation for clients who sustained a soft tissue injury and suffer pain and other clinical symptoms of whiplash-associated disorders for weeks or months while they are recuperating. Litigating these hard-to-prove cases requires a working knowledge and understanding of both law and medicine.

Seasoned personal injury lawyers have learned from experience that one effective strategy to maximize their success with soft tissue injury cases is to read the literature. Over the past few decades, a substantial body of literature has been published in peer-reviewed medical and scientific journals clearly documenting the fact that whiplash-associated disorders are a well-recognized clinical entity that may result in persistent pain and functional limitations that necessitates long-term and ongoing medical care in a subset of patients. But finding this literature can be a time consuming and costly process. That's we we produced the Medifocus Literature Guide to Soft Tissue Injuries and Whiplash-Associated Disorders. This unique Guide consists of nearly 200 hand-selected journal article references with links to the article abstracts and includes FREE online access to 39 articles. The articles included in the Guide cover a broad range of topics that can help you bolster and support your claims in soft tissue injury cases by providing convincing documentation from peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals regarding the negative impact of whiplash-associated disorders on physical function and quality of life.

Soft Tissue Injuries and Whiplash-Associated Disorders is a one-of-a-kind literature reference Guide that includes:

  • A comprehensive bibliography of 197 journal article references indexed in MEDLINE published in well respected medical and scientific journals.
  • Online access to the abstracts (summaries) of the articles.
  • Online access to the free full-text version of 39 articles.
  • Links to full-text sources of other articles that are available for purchase directly from individual journal publishers.
  • A unique "Author Directory" consisting of the names and institutional affiliations of experts who have published and have specialized knowledge about Soft Tissue Injuries and Whiplash-Associated Disorders. The "Author Directory" is a valuable resource for quickly identifying and locating experts for case reviews, opinions, and testimony.

Select examples of topics that are covered by the articles referenced in this Guidebook include:

  • Risk factors for prolonged treatment of whiplash-associated disorders.
  • Sick leave within 5 years of whiplash trauma predicts recovery: A prospective cohort study.
  • Incidence and predictors of neck and widespread pain after motor vehicle collisions among U.S. litigants and nonlitigands.
  • A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for persistent problems following acute whiplash injury.
  • Are there cervical spine finding by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that are specific to acute symptomatic whiplash injury?
  • A population-based cohort study of the association between a lifetime history of neck injury in a motor vehicle collision and future neck pain.
  • Can patients with low energy whiplash-associated disorder develop back pain?
  • Longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study on whiplash injury patients: Minimum 10-year follow-up.
  • A prospective cohort study of work disability after whiplash injury.
  • The influence of a previous neck sprain on recovery after whiplash injury.
  • Incidence, course, and risk factors for widespread pain following whiplash-associated disorders.
  • Prognostic factors associated with minimal improvement following acute whiplash-associated disorders.
  • Factors predicting outcome after whiplash injury in subjects pursuing litigation.
  • Pressure aberrations inside the spinal canal during rear-end impact.
  • The association between exposure to a rear-end collision and future health complaints.
  • The relationship between neck pain intensity, physical functioning, depression and time-to-claim closure after whiplash injury.
  • The effect of crash severity in rear impacts on short and long-term consequences to the neck.
  • Biomechanical assessment of soft tissue cervical spine disorders and expert opinion in low speed collisions.
The MediFocus Literature Guide on Soft Tissue Injuries and Whiplash-Associated Disorders
is available in two formats:
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